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Full text of "My country and my people"

STORY   OF   THE   SINO-JAPANESE   WAR       359
Under the heading of Japanese expansion may be mentioned the following: The conquest of Manchuria in 1931-32, the seizure of Jehol in 1933; the conclusion of the Tangku Pact giving Japan a demilitarized zone in the same year; the Eji Amau declaration of Asia for the Asiatics in 1933; the silent penetration into Chahar in 1934-5; the setting up of the East Hopei regime in the demilitarized zone designated by the Japanese in 1935 and its expansion toward Peiping; the immediate use of this bogus regime as base for huge-scale smuggling and spread of the narcotic trade with its centre in the Japanese Concession at Tientsin; the full-fledged smuggling reaching tens of millions of dollars in open defiance of Chinese customs in Chinese territory in 1935-6; the open declaration in 1935-6 by various Japanese generals in North China that Chiang Kaishek must be overthrown and that a "surgical operation'5 must be "performed on North China'*; the enunciation in 1935 of Hirota's "Three Principles" (China-Japan-Manchukuo co-operation, China's abandonment of co-operation with the Western Powers, and abandonment of anti-Japanese policy); the virtual Japanese domination of the semi-autonomous Hopei-Chahar Council under Sung Cheh-yuan, set up by Chiang Kaishek as a temporary buffer-instrument; the attempt at the conquest of Suiyuan in 1936, a few months before the Sian incident; finally the openly and repeatedly announced Japanese intrigue led by Doihara, to make the "five northern provinces'5 (Chahar, Suiyuan, Hopei, Shantung and Shansi) a second Manchukuo as their immediate, unchangeable objective; and then the Marco Polo Bridge incident in 1937. Although Japanese lies are too simply and childish to deceive the world now, attention should be called to the fact that no Japanese sophist, logician or diplomat can wriggle out of the position that the creation of a "Japan-China-Manchukuo bloc" means, clearly and exactly, that Japan wants to make China a second "Manchukuo."
Under the heading of the consolidation of the Chinese nation into a new-born state, the rapid economic reconstruction and feverish preparations for national defence, may be mentioned the following: the adoption of the silver policy, the formation of national banks, the consolidation of Chinese